EURUSD 1.1319 USDJPY 111.89 USDCAD 1.3316 EURCZK 25.600 USDCZK 22.607 EURPLN 4.2732 USDPLN 3.7756
EURUSD 1.1319 USDJPY 111.89 USDCAD 1.3316 EURCZK 25.600 USDCZK 22.607 EURPLN 4.2732 USDPLN 3.7756

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CPI is usually known as inflation, which refers to the growth in general prices

Country:USA
Impact:high
Current value:0.26%
Last value:0.2%
Change: 0.06 Loss
Minimum value: % (May 2013)
Maximum value: 23.7% (Jun 1920)
CPI (Consumer Price Index)

Rule of thumb

CPI refers to inflation, or change in prices, of a pre-defined basket of goods

Popularly known as inflation, CPI indicates the change in price of consumer goods and services. Although, there are many different methodologies to measure inflation, CPI uses a constant basket of goods and services, and these are: food and services, housing, apparel, transportation, medical care, recreation, education and communication, and other goods and services.

 

The CPI indicator is published by the Bureau of Labour statistics and covers only inflation as experienced by consumers. It includes sales and excise taxes, because these are necessary expenditures by the consumer for a specific item. It is difficult to establish  one perfect inflation indicator. That is why other indicators  measure different aspects of inflation such as the PPI and the ECI.

 

CPI is another very popular economic indicator for which it is difficult to produce a single, straightforward interpretation. In general, a rise in inflation lowers  the purchase power of a given currency, and as such may lead to  depreciation of a currency. On the other hand, a rise in inflation may generate an increase in the nominal interest rates which, in turn, may result in rising interest of international investors in the given currency.

 

Periodicity of publication

CPI is published every month by the Bureau of Labour Statistics.

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